Posts tagged history
Posts tagged history
- from PaleoramaEnRed/translated from Spanish
"This is the first autopsy to be performed on such an ancient bison and scientists are now searching for parasites that may have infected animals during [the early Holocene]. The animal was found perfectly preserved in July of 2011 in the Republic of Sakha, Yakutia. It was foudn on the banks of a lake district north of Ust-Yana, where remains of woolly mammoths have previously been located. Scientists are conducting a complete anatomical autopsy, including the removal of each organ and are conducting microbiological and genetic tests, with the hope that they will be able to recover vital scientific information regarding the extinction of certain bison taxa ~9 Ky.
Despite being 9000 years old, the bison cadaver gives the appearance of having only died a few days ago. Its body was exposed after part of the shore receded into the lake. ”The discovery has enormous value to scientists because it is the best preserved bison that has ever been found,” says Albert Protopopov, head of the Department of Mammoth Fauna Research in the Academy of Sciences Yakutiana.
Protopopov states: “We have determined that the bison lived 9,000 years ago, during the early Holocene and died when it was about four years old. Many mammoths had died here but bison survived longer. Careful and thorough review will provide us with answers to many questions, the first of which is why bison became extinct. ”
…Scientists in the United States have studied North American bison for quite some time and expect that Yakutianos compare their American relatives. The scientists hope to creature an environmental model via the study of food remains in the digestive tract of the bison and will publish their research year next. Yevgeniy Maschenko, researcher at the Mammal Laboratory of the Institute of Palaeontology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said: “ This is the first study of an ancient mammal that has been conducted in the twenty years. We have a team of experts in various fields. We are eager to better understand the morphological aspects of the animal; all its internal organs will be weighed and described. Tissue samples will be taken. Any morphological study of an animal is connected to the study of adaptation to its environment and in this particular case study the paleoecology be very interesting. “
He also states that the histological samples (images of the microscopic anatomy of the animal’s cells and tissues) will be very interesting, as this will be the first opportunity for scientists to study the parasites associated with ancient bison. He noted that the parasites “may not have been preserved, but we will their DNA and evidence of their activity.” Biochemical tests comparing the ancient specimens with extant parasites will provide information regarding the types of parasites that lived 9,000 years ago. This is possible thanks to a new study oriented towards invertebrate DNA technology. It will be used for the first time an extinct animal. ”
The library is motherfucking closed.
Perhaps history’s most scathingly polite and definitive mic drop.
Scientists revive largest virus yet from 30,000-year-old permafrost
"And it’s a very strange beast. Fortunately, it only affects amoebas. We think."
People think I’m obsessed with syphilis, and maybe I am. But it’s only because of my recent indoctrination into 18th-century history by aficionados of the period, such as Lucy Inglis, Adrian Teal and Rob Lucas. I can’t read 10 pages of a medical casebook without coming across a reference to lues venerea. By the end of the century, London was literally crawling with the pox.
And it’s no surprise. Sexual promiscuity was as much a part of Georgian England as were powdered wigs and opium. For a few pennies, a gentleman could pick up Harris’s List of Covent Garden Ladies, or Man of Pleasure’s Kalendar—a pocket guide to London’s prostitutes published annually starting in 1771—and peruse it as he might do a fine wine list.
For three guineas, a man could partake in the pleasures provided by Miss L—st—r at No. 6 Union Street, whose ‘neighbouring hills [are] full ripe for manual pressure, firm, and elastic, and heave at every touch.’  If three guineas were too much, one could always spend a third of that for a night with Miss H—ll—nd at No. 2 York Street, who, ‘tho’ only seventeen and short, is very fat and corpulent…a luscious treat to the voluptuary.’  And for those who fancied a woman ‘rather above the common height’, they could visit Miss S—ms at No. 82 Queen Ann’s Street East, who frequently attracted lovers of a ‘diminutive size’ who loved ‘surmounting such a fine, tall woman.’ 
The guidebook wasn’t all slap and tickle, though. Hidden within these pages were warnings about the dangers of sleeping with diseased prostitutes. Military men were cautioned against Matilda Johnson, since ‘it is thought by some experienced officers, that her citadel is in danger, on account of a quantity of fiery combustible matter which is lodged in the covered way.’ Some warnings were not so subtle (or hilarious). The guidebook alerts its readers to Miss Young, who had ‘very lately had the folly and wickedness to leave a certain hospital, before the cure for a certain distemper which she had was completed.’ The book ominously adds that she has ‘thrown her contaminated carcass on the town again.’ 
Yes, syphilis was ubiquitous in 18th-century London. Aside from abstaining or entering into a monogamous relationship with a healthy partner, there was very little one could do to protect oneself from the pox. Condoms, though available during this period, were rarely employed. When used, they were frequently reused multiple times, defeating their purpose as safeguards against contamination…
Proudly proclaiming my love of syphilis.
VICTORIAN MOURNING JEWELRY
During the Victorian era, it was common to wear “mourning jewelry”. This jewelry typically included hair from deceased loved one.
The deceased loved one’s hair would be carefully arranged within the brooch, often creating intricate pictures or designs.
Hair was considered to be an ideal keepsake, since it does not break down over time.
On September 17, 1862 Union and Confederate soldiers fought the Battle of Antietam near Sharpsburg, MD, during which 23,000 troops were killed in less than a day. Two weeks after the Civil War’s bloodiest battle, a Sharpsburg-area farmer found a severed right forearm while plowing his fields.
The farmer put the limb in a barrel of saltwater and gave it to a physician, who embalmed it. The preserved arm changed hands several times over the years before being sold at auction in 2001. Then in 2012 the mummified limb was donated anonymously to the National Museum of Civil War Medicine.
Read more at StrangeRemains
Top photo: Civil War era mummified arm donated the National Museum of Civil War Medicine
Bottom photo: Close up view of the palmar surface of the hand, and the ends of the ulna and radius.
Rare and unusual “Femme Fatale” ring pistol, originates from France, third quarter of the 19th century.
Sold at Auction: $11,350
Peru’s National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology, and History is has a new exhibit that explores ancient peoples’ relationship with the sea.
Great Gouda! World’s oldest cheese found - on mummies
Remains discovered with mummies in China prove to be oldest known samples of cheese.
Vintage Gouda may be aged for five years, some cheddar for a decade. They’re both under-ripe youngsters compared with yellowish clumps – found on the necks and chests of Chinese mummies – now revealed to be the world’s oldest cheese.
The Chinese cheese dates back as early as 1615 BC, making it by far the most ancient ever discovered. Thanks to the quick decay of most dairy products, there isn’t even a runner-up. The world’s best-aged cheese seems to be a lactose-free variety that was quick and convenient to make and may have played a role in the spread of herding and dairying across Asia.
"We not only identified the product as the earliest known cheese, but we also have direct … evidence of ancient technology," says study author Andrej Shevchenko, an analytical chemist at Germany’s Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics. The method was "easy, cheap … It’s a technology for the common people."
The cheese, like the mummies, owes its existence to the extraordinary conditions at Small River Cemetery Number 5, in northwestern China. First documented by a Swedish archaeologist in the 1930s, it sits in the fearsome Taklamakan Desert, one of the world’s largest. A mysterious Bronze Age people buried dozens of their own atop a large sand dune near a now-dry river, interring their kin underneath what looks like large wooden boats. The boats were wrapped so snugly with cowhide that it’s as if they’d been “vacuum-packed,” Shevchenko says.
Read more: USA Today
A lost city reveals the grandeur of medieval African civilization
Some of the world’s greatest cities during the Middle Ages were on the eastern coast of Africa. Their ornate stone domes and soaring walls, made with ocean corals and painted a brilliant white, were wonders to the traders that visited them from Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. They were the superpowers of the Swahili Coast, and they’ve long been misunderstood by archaeologists. It’s only recently that researchers outside Africa are beginning to appreciate their importance.
Throughout the Middle Ages, great civilizations ringed the Indian Ocean. From Egypt, people could travel the Red Sea to reach the ocean, then sail south to Africa, or continue east to the Arab world and India. Then, of course, one could travel over land on the famous Silk Road from India through central Asia and into China. In reality, few people ever made that journey. But many trade goods did, passed from hand to hand in cosmopolitan cities whose cultural diversity would have made places like New York and Sao Paolo look like monocultures.
Among those great medieval cities were places like Songo Mnara, a gorgeous and bustling Swahili city built on an island off the coast of Tanzania in the fourteenth century. At a time when European cities were getting wiped out by plagues and famines, Songo Mnara was thriving.